Wednesday, December 1, 2010

What is planning?

There are many definitions of planning. Planning may define as:
According to Fayol - "The plan of action is, at one and the same time, the result
envisaged, the line of action to be followed, the stages to go through, and the methods
to use. It is a kind of future picture wherein proximate events are outlined with some
distinctness...."
Planning is deciding in advance what is to be done. It involves the selection of
objectives, policies, procedures and programmes from among alternatives. A plan is a
predetermined course of action to achieve a specified goal. It is a statement of
objectives to be achieved by certain means in the future. In short, it is a blueprint for
action.
According to Louis A Allen - "Management planning involves the development of
forecasts, objectives, policies, programmes, procedures, schedules and budgets".
According to Theo Haimann - "Planning is deciding in advance what is to be done.
When a manager plans, he projects a course of action, for the future, attempting to
achieve a consistent, co-ordinated structure of operations aimed at the desired
results".
According to Koontz O’Donnell - "Planning is an intellectual process, the conscious
determination of courses of action, the basing of decisions on purpose, acts and
considered estimates".
1. PLANNING IS THE PRE-SELECTION:
Planning is the pre-selection of objectives and outlines the action before starting any
business.
2. ANOTHER WORDS
Planning is selection of mission, objectives and true strategies, polices programs and
procedure to achieve them.
3. SIMPLEST DIFINATION OF PLANNING:
Planning is decision making in advance.
4. ANOTHER DEFINATION:
Choosing the alternatives and making the decision is called planning.

Ditulis Oleh : Naz Nazir // Wednesday, December 01, 2010
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